INCREASING GENETIC DIVERSITY OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS Id. No.184.108.40.206/16/A/307
Wild medicinal herbs and aromatic plants such as Valeriana officinalis L., Matricaria recutita, Echinacea Angustifolia, Taraxacum officinale and Saposhnikovia divaricata are known for their high concentration of active substances. For this reason, they are used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetics industry around the world. Theoretically, the soil and climatic conditions for their cultivation are suitable in Latvia, but till now no technologies of growing and cultivation of these plants have been introduced. During the project, an international team of scientists will set up an experimental garden to study the genetic resources of the plant species mentioned above. As a result, researchers will select biologically and economically most valuable medical and aromatic plant genotypes that are most suitable for the climate of the country and their cultivation technologies, which can be used by producers.
To create an innovative methodology for the cultivation of high-value medicinal herbs and aromatic plants in Latvia and to start the cultivation traditions of these plants, scientists will carry out an industrial research. An experimental garden of multiple medicinal herbs and aromatic plant species will be created. The collection of medicinal herbs will be created by collecting wild populations in different regions of Latvia and evaluating various varieties created abroad. The experiments will assess the productivity of these plants, biochemical quality, genetic diversity, and also seek out the most suitable growing technologies for organic farming. As a result of the project, valuable knowledge will be gained in areas such as medicine, food production, cosmetics and agriculture.
Project scientific leader: Dr. Andrea Primavera
Project partner: Foundation “Institute for Environmental Solutions”